Model United Nations is a simulation of the United Nations system . In this simulation , students play the role of diplomats, representing different countries and participate in discussions on current issues included in the agenda of the United Nations . He played roles in the context of a meeting of the Model United Nations should you have access to the following.
The concerns and hopes of people in different regions of the world; How to improve the lives of people all over the world through the United Nations; Skills and the type of behavior which contribute to international cooperation.
The models help United Nations meeting participants also understand the complexities of the United Nations and international cooperation and achievements . And involve the experience of the United Nations model on three key elements:
The process of preparation of intense being the investigation for the affairs of the countries represented by the participants.
The performance of roles in the context of being discussed in the Model United Nations assume the each participant a certain role , and this role is usually the role of the " ambassador " representative of a country.
Item is to evaluate the experiment.
The first step in the experience of the United Nations model is to create yourself to be delegates . And the need to acquire information about the three things:
But you may begin the process to conduct research on who will represent the country. This part of your preparation process is extremely important. You'll need to know some basic facts about the country in which "represents" and that may be likely to affect the policy. This information can be found in one of the circles of knowledge or updated in a similar source. You may also want to contact the nearest diplomatic mission / embassy of the country you will represent.
Here are some aspects that you may want to consider them: economic and political systems; structural and social values
; priorities of cultural, national and international. In the context of Political Affairs, for example, could include the following topics: the political system currently; history (a former colony or former colonial power); neighboring countries; Allies; whether the country belongs to any of the regional groupings Nations or other? What is the opinion of your country in the importance of the United Nations?
In addition to stand on the factual information that will have you trying to do," introspective process" - to see with my own eyes envoy and a sense of his own on the world today. The aim of the search is to show the ways in which your country looks to the United Nations and its application in the service of the interests of the country and its policies.
Section on research in the affairs of the country of the preparation process is actively connected to take a considerable amount of time. It is also the work of the team if the meeting of the United Nations to bring him a model which requires a delegation of several people to represent the Member State.
The second phase of the process of your preparation should focus on understanding the issues or topics on the agenda of the Model United Nations. In many cases, it will be you and your colleagues conclude what could be the views of the country on these issues.
It may be for the meeting of the United Nations model a single topic, such as human rights or economic development, or may include several different areas of work of the United Nations, such as conflicts, regional, or CD, or refugees, or children's issues, or the external debt of developing countries , or the environment . The task is to find out what is the position of your country or opinions on these issues and develop a strategy for your country in order to hold a session of the Model United Nations.
The final stage of the search centered on the United Nations system and its business. Understanding the role and functions of the various parts of the UN system on issues and concerns is essential to turn in as an envoy. This part of the search should help you gain a better understanding of the role played by the United Nations in international affairs and how the United Nations operates as the diplomatic policy of the international community.
Once you finish your search in the affairs of the country, which will represent, in the issues on the agenda of the Model United Nations. At the United Nations system, you may be ready to become the setting "position paper." This paper should be brief, consisting of the main points that you think that this country is considered important for the issues to be discussed. During the simulation, you can use these points as the basis for a speech or as items may be trying to be included in the decisions. In the negotiations conducted, undoubtedly would seek to modify, or may abandon it entirely.
The second step in the experience of the United Nations model is the application of information and knowledge gained by you during the process of preparation. Once up with other delegates to the conference room or places to conferences, the recipe as a student disappear. Representative, you are now the "official" of the country, who commissioned him for diving. You are a diplomat. And the purpose for which it is seeking and colleagues sought by representatives of other Member States in the United Nations is to address the issues and problems on the agenda and find a practical solution to the largest possible number of states support.
The meetings of the United Nations model structured under the rules of procedure which provides for the ways and means by which countries express their opinions and to consider the proposals and decisions and reach decisions on resolving the issues and concerns on the agenda. And you will have the main two things:
Expressing the viewpoint of the country which they represent in order to share with others in the views and experience of the Government of "country" and reach a decision that is acceptable to the country in which "represents" ;
Contribute to the formation of an international response fair for all countries.
Most of the participants in the experience of the United Nations model will perform the roles of delegates, who represent a wide range of backgrounds, political, economic, cultural and geographical. If there is a sufficient number of subscribers, be able to delegations that includes specialists in various areas of industrial development and environmental affairs, toxic waste and hazardous chemicals.
Can additional participants to perform the role of journalists, and to do press interviews with key delegates, press reports and send to newspapers in the country, and so on. And others could perform the role of representatives of non- governmental organizations invited as observers.
You'll also invite a person of informed to observe the meeting and comment on it. Preferably a person who worked in the United Nations or in the national delegation to a meeting at the United Nations. And perform the role of a good performance requires serious in the search - and the ability of a fictional creative. Then you must be a brilliant diplomat, aware of the priorities of the nation, but at the same time you have to be flexible, and taking into account the views of others, and willing to work to reach a consensus and for the public good.
Involves the performance of roles to work within a team and give speeches. Once the start of meetings you will want to meet informally with delegations of countries with similar backgrounds and concerns of backgrounds and concerns of your country in order to coordinate the views and actions. In the framework of the United Nations model, often called the name of these groups, "groups of consultation." These groups are all informal groups and are not bodies that could bind the country posed to any position or point of view. The purpose of these groups is to facilitate the process of negotiation. Developing countries, for example, formed a "Group of 777," which focuses on the development of a common agenda among the more than 130 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Middle East. Similarly, most of the countries of Western Europe now fall in the group in the framework of the European Union.
Negotiations are very intense and can be very frustrating, especially in larger groups. Most of the diplomatic and business done during the informal meetings that result in the draft resolutions and amendments, and adjustments to the task required to reach consensus.
And speeches during the official measures is another important part of the performance of roles. These public statements allow delegates " to show their " preachers and thinkers for the rest of the group. But what all delegates orator , and in the discussions that take place within the framework of the United Nations model essence no less important than the method in rhetoric, and there must be a delicate balance between listening and speaking for support and to reach a consensus on the issue.
The outcome of the process is the adoption of a resolution or resolutions reflect the total voting interests of the Member States at the meeting. Thus, it is not your purpose in meeting the United Nations model that the best view or to make the decision which is supported coupled with success. Diplomacy be successful in reaching consensus on a decision or proposal.
Once the end of the simulation , you should evaluate what you have learned from the experience. Here are some ways in which you might want to use:
What is achieved by the meeting from the standpoint of the country that they represent ?
To what extent is approaching United Nations simulation model for the United Nations in reality?
As a representative of your country, you have to submit a report to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country. Write to this report, and within it Review of whether the decisions taken include the points considered by the country posed by the task, and whether they include these points but nonetheless considered acceptable decisions, or whether it is acceptable. You also may want to add your suggestions on actions that may be taken by your country to implement these decisions.
It should be you and your colleagues also discuss whether the simulation accurately reflect the situation in the world and in the United Nations at the present time. They should try to explain what is fundamental obstacles that have prevented reaching agreements and how they can overcome these obstacles. Finally, you might want to analyze how to deal with the real delegates at the United Nations for the same issues by reviewing the United Nations documents and decisions on these matters.
The Model United Nations experience, from beginning to end, is an excellent way to learn about the United Nations and international relations. The issues and global concerns, in fact, bring them to life and you are in the events. All it takes is sincerity and dedication to be part of a diplomatic optimal experience.